Type 2861
(formerly typ/963)

Ὀρθὰς φύλαττε τοῦ νοός σου τὰς φρένας
καὶ κοιλίαν δάμαζε καὶ γλῶσσαν πλέον
καὶ τὴν στενὴν δίωκε τοῦ βίου πύλην
καὶ φεῦγε κόσμον καὶ νέος γενοῦ γέρων.
Title(s) Εὐσταθίου ποίημα τοῦ Ἰκονίου / στίχοι οὓς λέγεται ἀκηκοέναι παρὰ Χριστοῦ τὸν θεολόγον Γρηγόριον / Φίλε ὅστις εἶ·
Text source M. Lauxtermann 2021, Parisinus graecus 400: Poetry and Paraenesis in Cyprus, Revue des Études Byzantines, 79, 149-181: 171
Text status Text completely known
Editorial status Critical text
Genre(s) Reader-related epigram
Metre(s) Dodecasyllable
Critical Notes 1 φρένας ] τρίβους Vat. Barb. gr. 70, Bentein & Demoen
Translation(s) 'Dear friend, whoever you are:
Keep the paths of your mind straight,
subdue your belly, and your tongue even more.
Seek after the narrow gate of life (Mt 7: 13-14),
flee from the world and become a new man'.
K. Bentein, K. Demoen 2012, The Reader in Eleventh-Century Book Epigrams, in F. Bernard, K. Demoen (eds.), Poetry and its Contexts in Eleventh-century Byzantium, Farnham/Burlington, 69-88: 75
Comment In ms. Laur. Plut. 70, 20 the epigram is attributed to Eustathios metropolitan of Ikonion; "but given the fact that the ms. also attributes lines by Ignatios the Deacon to the same Eustathios, it is not certain how reliable the ascription is" (Lauxtermann (2021: 171)). In ms. Marc. gr. 491 the poem is ascribed to Gregory of Nazianzos.

A six and eight verse adaption of this poem can be found in a collection of paraenetic poems by Ps. Gregory of Nazianzos. The six verse version functions as a book epigram in ms. Lesbos Hypselou 23 (cf. related types).

The epigram also occurs in the 16th-century manuscripts Oxford, Bodleian Library, Can. gr. 56 (f. 165v), Venice, Marc. gr. II, 60 (f. 240r), Salamance, BU 75 (f. 44v) and Salamanca, BU 2711 (f. 341v).
Number of verses 4
Related type(s) [34639] Ὀρθὰς φύλαττε τοῦ νοός σου τὰς τρίβους (6 verses) (Consists of)

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Identification Vassis ICB 2005, 545: "Eustathius Iconiensis, Versus paraenetici"
Permalink https://www.dbbe.ugent.be/types/2861
Last modified: 2023-03-22.